This is discussion about Jeevika: Law, Liberty & livelihood.
The biggest challenge is to make sure that the people at the bottom benefit more from the India's unprecedented economic growth. We see that the sectors that have been liberalised are doing quite well, like IT, telecom, finance, call centres etc. And the people working in these sectors are also doing well. However the people working in sectors that have not been liberalised are not doing as well. The vast informal sector where more than 90% of people work has not seen much policy reform. This informal sector needs the Second Generation of Reforms!
Right Parth. Your this idea has potential of changing life of 10 million urban street vendors forced to live in poverty in lack of right to property over their own capital investment. It would also allow the poor street entrepreneurs to earn their livelihood with dignity.
All the best for your idea,
A random and unique identity number linked to the biometrics (fingerprint, retina, iris, facial, palm vein and DNA) encrypted and stored in a smart card and secure database (similar to a bank locker), use of which should be made mandatory to track all activities from birth to death, to ensure identity and dignity for all and equal opportunity through level playing field - security of food, clothing, shelter, health, education, employment and social security. No one should be denied their basic human rights and every opportunity must be extended to empower every citizen to explore their potentials to the fullest and contribute their mite to society.
Thanks for your post. Yes, the unique identity number or any sort of digital instrument that helps easy access to basic information about citizen would surely be of great help to provide quicker and right service to the citizen. The effort is on to provide unique identity number to every citizen of the country in India. However, this facility is only a tool to provide services to the eligibles but what benefits they receive is going to be a bigger issue. Hopefully, our effort through the campaign will bring recognition of right of street vendors over their own capital investment which is key solution to several problems street vendors have to face everyday...
Informal entrepreneurship allows the poor to work their way to prosperity without administrative shackles. Efforts to regulate informal workers increase the costs of bureaucracy and will not create wealth. Leave government (no matter how good its intentions...) out of informal economies if you want these to grow.
You are right Alphonse. We need to keep government out of private business as much as possible but we also need to understand what happens to people and their property in a state where there is high government regulation. If there is no regulation recognizing human rights the life of an individual can be at stake. Similarly, we do need few policies that human rights and the right to property is very important part of human rights. Under this project we are striving to get recognition of street vendors and others making their living in informal sector. In lack of right to property over their own investment the street vendors are threatened, harassed, evicted, and thrown away out of business to starve. In lack of proper regulation by government and rule of law mafias start regulating in their own way. We should keep the informal sector as open as possible with recognition of right to property of the people in the business.
Property rights over the product of ones' work is an essential element of justice. We must strive to ensure that laws recognize this fundamental right in all sectors of the economy and that governments guarantee that no one trespasses the law. Government regulation is another process. In many instances it creates bureaucratic fuzz that bloats the mission of justice and opens the road to corruption. I admit however that every nation must tackle these issues in harmony with its own culture.
You are right, Alphonse!
But, this essential element of justice is missing in India. Our socialist constitution no-longer protects property as fundamental right. Lets hope recognition at the policy label gradually reinstate it, again.
Indiscriminate displacement in the name of development is forcing villagers to fight out the state. Let's hope soon property is again seen as justice; instead of 'injustice to the commons'
On February 2, 2011, the judges reviewed entries for the Changemakers Property Rights: Identity, Dignity, and Opportunity for All competition and would like to pass on the following feedback for your entry (below). Thank you for applying and for your hard work in the field. We are excited to archive your entry to serve as a leading solution for the worldwide community of innovators. We wish you continued luck with your innovative, sustainable, and socially impactful initiatives.
All the best,
The Changemakers Team
Jeevika’s work on the legal recognition of informal-sector entrepreneurs is very important in contributing financially as well as facilitating introductions other services for the entrepreneurs, such as credit and social security benefits. The NGO’s influence on policy is also impressive in its potential for lasting benefits and leading to something much bigger. The population density in India and the fact that this organization has already been able to influence the Rajasthan government are both important points in demonstrating potential impact. They may have some barriers to scaling and replication, though, with the organization’s centralized management structure. It would be interesting to learn more about how they plan to use the management structure in its work to scale and grow. It would also be beneficial to get a clearer understanding of the path they will take over the next few years and more detail about how they will achieve their full potential impact.