Centre d’Etudes Economiques et Sociales de l’Afrique de l’Ouest –Pôle Régional Niger (CESAO-PRN)

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Centre d’Etudes Economiques et Sociales de l’Afrique de l’Ouest –Pôle Régional Niger (CESAO-PRN)

Niger
Project Stage:
Scaling
Budget: 
$1,000 - $10,000
Project Summary
Elevator Pitch

Concise Summary: Help us pitch this solution! Provide an explanation within 3-4 short sentences.

Dramane has successfully reversed centuries-old cattle raising practices among Peul and Touareg herdsmen in Niger which, in current conditions, were economically unsustainable and environmentally destructive. Dramane reinvented the cattle raising business model, leaving the herders with smaller but healthier and more profitable herds, and more downstream jobs created for processing marginal animals. His approach has been recognized and endorsed by the Government of Niger, and it holds wide promise for reforming herding practices of previously nomadic tribes who find their means of livelihood threatened across the Sahel.

About Project

Solution: What is the proposed solution? Please be specific!

It has been known for a long time that the combination of diminishing water and available pasturage was threatening the livelihood of the Peul and Touareg tribesmen who made their living breeding and moving herds of cattle from one grazing area to another. In the face of these threats, the tribesmen were unyielding in their loyalty to the animals, preferring to remain with the animals whose constitution was not up to the rigors of moving from one grazing area to another. Faced with this problem of marginal animals in their herds, the tribesmen were choosing to sell their hardiest cattle to the market and allow their compromised animals to drop dead, and lose any residual value that the animal might have. Dramane saw that the solution to the problem was to reverse this practice –to create a system in which the farmers would conserve their best animals until they could fetch a maximum price and find other market outlets for the marginal animals. To accomplish this, Dramane introduced a version of South African "Biltong" - beef jerky - and then created a completely separate delivery chain for the marginal animals: intermediaries to work with the cattle herders, separate abattoirs (to respect cultural sensitivities), locally adapted driers to cure the meat, and new (for the region) processing of bones (for powder) and other parts of the animal. The impact of Dramane's idea has been to reduce the size of the herds by as much as 50-60%, but to increase the value of the remaining herd by as much as 100% because the animals are able to make better use of available pasturage, and to create a whole new income stream from the sale of marginal animals that the tribesmen had previously left to die.