The ACORD initiative in Burundi focuses on reconciliation and conflict prevention through community negotiations which are followed by a signing of social contracts in the presence of the community, local authorities, and external witnesses. The community dialogue and negotiations bring community members of different ethnicities and groups together to talk through their situation, listen to testimonies, allowing people to admit to their wrong- doings, ask for forgiveness and ultimately reach a joint agreement to pro-actively work for peace. To consolidate this agreement, a social contract is signed between different social groups who commit to respect each other and live in peace and contribute to mutually beneficial community development efforts. The pilot phase of the initiative which began in 2002 involved almost 200,000 people in Rango, Rugombo, Kamenge and Buhiga communes of Burundi in areas that had been deeply affected by the regional conflict. Since then, ACORD has built upon this experience and developed its role of facilitation and capacity building. At the onset of the community social contract process, an in-depth analysis of the causes and impacts of the conflict is conducted, as well as an analysis of existing traditional responses to conflict. Following the analysis, ACORD identifies key local partners to engage in a community process to respond to the local situation. The capacity of these partners is then strengthened through training and sensitisation on the preparation and coordination of community dialogue and negotiation. Upon mutual agreement within the community, social contracts are developed and signed and a peace committee is elected to ensure that the social contract is respected.