Harare, Zimbabwe
Project Stage:
Project Summary
Elevator Pitch

Concise Summary: Help us pitch this solution! Provide an explanation within 3-4 short sentences.

I propose the use of drained hen egg shells as primary packaging on an industrial scale.Given the meat industry grinds pig ears and stuffs them into intestinal lining to make pork sausages ,Afrozai will provide answers beyond plastic in waste recycling under sustainable natural packaging.

About Project

Problem: What problem is this project trying to address?

Whilst the world concentrates on crushing egg shells and making more sophisticated plastics in the name of egg recycling, I dare to think beyond plastic.The industrial use of egg shells has been ignored and left in the hands of scientists whilst the world pursues traditionally acceptable ideas.Tonnes of eggs shells are regarded as waste, costing companies huge disposal costs. Even low income African families see no value in egg shells.

Solution: What is the proposed solution? Please be specific!

The potential calcium fortification technology due to the composition of an egg shell and how it interacts with contents during cooking, gives egg shells competitive advantage over plastic use. By drilling a hole on the narrow arc of an egg and draining the contents for use in traditional process flows, the egg shells may be heat sterilised and used to pack various food products. Their unique thermal stability would allow sterilisation to assure absence of pathogens such as Salmonella. Steeping the egg shells in petroleum wax would enhance their moisture barrier properties during storage and retail allowing easy hermetic sealing .These afrozai eggs may be arranged for retail in recycled egg trays to assure zero plastic use.
Impact: How does it Work

Example: Walk us through a specific example(s) of how this solution makes a difference; include its primary activities.

Shells are sourced from industry, restaurants, hotels and schools and organised community stations creating income and employment ,filled with detergent and passed through a vibrating system that facilitates cleaning. The detergent is sucked out before the shells passed through a sterilising oven. Dried pulses plus gelatine may be half filled into the sterile egg shell aseptically. The drilled hole is covered to create a hermetic seal before being steeped in petroleum wax and arranged in a recycled egg tray. They are then labelled appropriately and distributed to retail points. Upon purchasing the “eggs” may be boiled in slightly acidified water to get calcium fortified balls of protein and starch similar to a boiled egg.

Marketplace: Who else is addressing the problem outlined here? How does the proposed project differ from these approaches?

Recently the iNet funded a university project that aimed to develop the pre-treatment process of the eggshells needed to make it sterile; develop a method for the extraction of glycosaminoglycans from eggshell and analyse the products obtained; develop a post-treatment process to convert the eggshell into a starch-based plastic and test the mechanical properties of the new material .Researchers at the Ohio State University recently discovered eggshells might be the key to producing affordable hydrogen fuel. These ideas are based on crushing egg shells to make more pollution, mine is not.
About You
About You
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About Your Project
Organization Name
Organization Country
Country where this project is creating social impact

, HA, Harare

How long has your organization been operating?

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Your Solution
Founding Story: Share a story about the “Aha!” moment that led you to get started and/or to see the potential for this to succeed.

I am currently studying for a Food Technology degree. In one of my Food Packaging classes on the topic Inappropriate Packaging, the lecturer began his seminar with an image of maize cob being peeled out of a banana peel. How inappropriate! Ironically that became my "Aha!" moment. All I could think of that day was "Eureka! "I have found the solution to eliminating plastics. I searched through my own belongings in my little university apartment and when I locked my eyes on the tray of eggs in my refrigerator, I saw a glimmer of hope. Thus, begun my research on egg shells.

Select Sector(s): To which of Unilever's categories of sustainability does your solution apply?

Waste, Supply Chain Micro-entrepreneurs.

Measurable Impact
Audience: Who have you identified as your customers/recipients and why? How will you get your solution to them or engage them in your initiative?

My most likely customers are the elite who are concerned about health and can afford to change their food purchasing patterns. The negative publicity on the possible carcinogenic nature of some plastics and inks used in the food industry has raised concerns and I plan to capitalise on that market. Some of my customers will include people who have decided to go green as well as the middle class who are merely curious about the innovation. Impressing the first time will be my marketing tool.

Impact: What is the impact of the work to date and expected impact in the future?

Statistics have varied in different industries but an example is given here. In Europe, Leicester hard-boiled egg and mayonnaise manufacturer “Just Egg” uses around 1.3 million eggs every week, creating around 10 tonnes of egg shells. Currently the firm spends approximately £30,000 a year sending about 480 tonnes of shells to landfill for disposal. If the solid waste disposal of such companies around the globe is monitored side by side with an Afrozai recycling plant in close proximity the impact of this innovation can be monitored.

Growth, Finance & Leadership
Scaling the Solution: How do you intend to scale your activities over the next two years (e.g., reach new markets, diversify solutions, etc.)? What will make this possible?

All packaging waste recyclers are adressing plastic waste in different ways, but I have not heard of my idea on an industrial scale. I also chose not to specify the food product to be packaged in the Afrozai reclaimed eggshells because the possibilities are as numerous as there are different food products. This very fact will allow this project to be scaled to new heights , penetrating, for example, the meat, confectionery and cereal industries . This will depend on available indigenous foods. If proper channels are set up and training is given egg draining stations with strict hygiene rules may be set up all over rural locations to allow low income families to bring their eggs for professional drainage in exchange for cash.

Financial Sustainability: What is your business model to ensure financial sustainability?

The start up capital will be used as remuneration for internally trained employees who will use internally designed manual equipment to drill and drain holes in the eggs of shell suppliers.They will also package special in-house food formulations in the Afrozai reclaimed egg shells. My revenue streams will include The sale of drained eggs from the in-house source, processed Afrozai eggs and the sale of specialised drill and drain equipment.

Experience: Please provide examples of any previous entrepreneurial initiatives you have pioneered.

After placement in an all female campus residence hall, I decided to start a feminine business using my skill in plating African hair.This business required no capital and I soon made enough profit to scale up to renting out hair appliances.I am in my final semester to graduate with a Food Technology qualification and have attended entrepreneurship trainings offered on campus. This experience will allow me to succeed with Afrozai.