Electricity Free Egg Incubator

Electricity Free Egg Incubator

IndiaMumbai, India
Organization type: 
nonprofit/ngo/citizen sector
Project Stage:
$10,000 - $50,000
Project Summary
Elevator Pitch

Concise Summary: Help us pitch this solution! Provide an explanation within 3-4 short sentences.

Eggubator is electricity free egg incubator for poultry farmers in rural India. Eggubator is thermal energy storage based egg hatching system for rural farmers where electricity cut off is major challenge. It will allow farmers to grow their income from poultry, independent of natural hatching.

About Project

Problem: What problem is this project trying to address?

Naturally egg hatching is done by broody hen,but it has its own limitations in terms of egg hatching capacity, care of hen and weather conditions. In developing countries, electricity based temperature and humidity controllers are widely used for egg hatching. But frequent electricity cut off in rural areas affects temperature and humidity of incubation resulting in reduced hatchability. Hence elcetric incubators are not suitable at rural level

Solution: What is the proposed solution? Please be specific!

Innovators have designed and tested proof of concept of Eggubator where heat required for egg incubators is maintained by thermal battery of phase change materials (PCM).PCM can maintain temperature for 24 hours in egg incubator within desired range of 37-38°C.Additionally, to maintain humidity a saturated salt solution is used which maintains relative humidity at 65-75%. On daily basis, some amount of water has to be added and the PCM should be heated in hot water. In short, PCM and salt solution resolves the problems of temperature and humidity. 3V battery can be used to maintain air flow through the system that maintains oxygen concentration and temperature uniformity in the system.
Impact: How does it Work

Example: Walk us through a specific example(s) of how this solution makes a difference; include its primary activities.

Generally small scale poultry farmer uses 400 eggs capacity electric incubators. So if we take case of Eggubator of 400 eggs capacity, following is technical and economic description. Technological solution: Eggubator • Electricity Free • Fixed cost: Rs. 50,000/ 400 eggs • Operating cost: Rs.500/ 21days • Economic Analysis for Eggubator of 400 eggs: Payback period 8 months Fixed cost Rs. 50,000 Cost of 400 eggs Rs. 2000 Operating cost Rs. 500 Total cost: Rs. 2500 360 chicks produced (90 % hatchability) (Rs 20/chick): Rs. 7200 Net profit in 21 days: Rs. 4700 Net profit /month Rs. 6700 Farmers will generate additional income and they will consume eggs and chicken to improve health of family members.

Marketplace: Who else is addressing the problem outlined here? How does the proposed project differ from these approaches?

In India poultry hatching is mainly done by electric egg incubators and natural hatching. Electric egg incubators have limitation of high capital cost & operating cost, low hatchability. In rural area power cut off for more than 8hours/day is observed. So, electric incubators cannot be operated. Government tried to solve the problem by providing invertors along with incubators, but this didn’t work as there is no electricity to charge the invertors too. Electricity free Eggubator is affordable, 5 folds lower operating cost and scalable model for rural India which gives nearly 90% hatchability.
About You
Science for Society
About You
First Name


Last Name


About Your Project
Organization Name

Science for Society

Organization Country

, MM, Mumbai

Country where this project is creating social impact
How long has your organization been operating?

1‐5 years

Your Solution
Founding Story: Share a story about the “Aha!” moment that led you to get started and/or to see the potential for this to succeed.

In June 2012, innovator visited his uncle’s place in rural India. There he met many poultry farmers, who are very sad due to economic losses. The reason is not getting enough revenue due to low hatchability in electric egg incubator. They have costlier electric egg incubator but could not operate it for required time due to power cut off for more than 8hours a day. Hence hatchability rate is very low up to 40 %. Farmers are facing problem with high capital cost of incubator, high operating cost, and need of generator and still getting low hatchability. After looking at their poor condition, innovator decided to solve this problem with his chemical engineering approach. He studied huge scope of poultry in India and started brain storming.

Select Sector(s): To which of Unilever's categories of sustainability does your solution apply?

Nutrition, Sustainable Agriculture, Smallholder Farmers, Supply Chain Micro-entrepreneurs.

Measurable Impact
Audience: Who have you identified as your customers/recipients and why? How will you get your solution to them or engage them in your initiative?

Nearly 2 crore poultry farmers in rural area are target customers. Also other agricultural farmers can also be encouraged to enter into poultry business to earn additional income through poultry incubation. Women can also be targeted to start as it will create health and economic empowerment. Women self-help groups, NGOs, poultry industry, veterinary colleges etc can also be target customers. 1.67 billion Chickens are produced in India annually and about 70% of hatcheries lie in rural area.

Impact: What is the impact of the work to date and expected impact in the future?

The system at proof of concept is tested where all components of PCM, salt solution and air flow are embedded in single system. Eggubator delivers air at desired temperature, humidity, flow rate and oxygen level. The invention is achieved through combination of heat and fluid flow phenomenon. Eggubator will be designed to suite to needs of rural farmers and it will give increased hatchability rate. Hence its acceptability will be more.
1 year case study: Eggubator of 400 eggs capacity can run for 14 cycles. Considering 90% hatchability it will produce near about 5000 chicks. India produces 1.64 billion chickens. Considering 30% unorganized sector, there is scope of 100,000 Eggubator units of 400 eggs capacity in India.
According to a study conducted by ASSOCHAM in 2011, the domestic poultry segment was estimated at about Rs.49,000crore and it is going to cross 132,000crore by 2015.

Growth, Finance & Leadership
Scaling the Solution: How do you intend to scale your activities over the next two years (e.g., reach new markets, diversify solutions, etc.)? What will make this possible?

1. Start Eggubator as business through institutes’ business incubation cell, local entrepreneurs with target to install 1000 units by year I, 5000 by year II and 10000 by year III of 400 eggs capacity. So it will empower 16000 farmers at the end of three years.
2. Will develop different models of Eggubator of different capacities like 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 eggs
3. Various model developments for other birds like Emu, quails etc
For achieving these goals interdisciplinary team of engineers and marketing people are working together at Science for society. Innovators are also trying to collaborate with local veterinary colleges for testing, local governing bodies and NGOs for awareness, training and installations of Eggubator.

Financial Sustainability: What is your business model to ensure financial sustainability?

Government is supporting poultry business and providing subsidy upto 25% to farmers and upto 90% for backward and women entrepreneurs. We will also look for microfinance option for farmers. We will create local entrepreneurs and train them to create awareness and for maintenance of Eggubator. They will install Eggubators in their local area and act as dealers. We will generate revenue through the sale of Eggubator to these rural entrepreneurs.

Experience: Please provide examples of any previous entrepreneurial initiatives you have pioneered.

Science for society (S4S) is R&D based social enterprise which mainly comprises of interdisciplinary team of engineers and management people. They try to solve societal problems with scientific innovations. For different innovations at S4S, they got recognition from UNESCO, UNEP, USAID, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Agilent, NUS, Bayer AG, Dell, Yahoo, DST, FICCI, Mahindra, State Government etc