Sistem Informasi Pembangunan Berbasis Masyarakat

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Sistem Informasi Pembangunan Berbasis Masyarakat

Mamuju, IndonesiaMamuju, Indonesia
Year Founded:
2004
Organization type: 
government
Project Stage:
Established
Budget: 
$500,000 - $1 million
Project Summary
Elevator Pitch

Concise Summary: Help us pitch this solution! Provide an explanation within 3-4 short sentences.

SIPBM - Community Based Information System for Development is linking data with advocacy and action. Government and citizens collaborate to collect accurate data, and use it to craft real targeted solution and mobilize all stakeholders. We use data to open the eye, heart, and mind of everyone.

WHAT IF - Inspiration: Write one sentence that describes a way that your project dares to ask, "WHAT IF?"

What if we can use data to open the eye-heart-mind of everyone to get better understanding of problem and take action?
About Project

Problem: What problem is this project trying to address?

Data is expensive, but developing without proper data is more expensive. In programs related to basic services to achieve Millenium Development Goals, data is often presented as anonymous number, not providing in-depth information on specific real condition. e.g. we know the number of drop-out kids, but not the why - is it economic difficulty, no school nearby, or what. Thus solution is often crafted based on general assumption, not real problem.

Solution: What is the proposed solution? Please be specific!

SIPBM - Community Based Information System for Development works with enumerators from local community (as “local experts who know local situation best”). The result is micro data, the output of which by name by address is reconfirmed to the community through FGD and house visit - also to get qualitative data about the most current condition and aspiration about program most needed by the people. This is followed by village action planning. Intervention program and target group is determined based on accurate data, thus solution is tailored based on specific real problem, not a uniform solution based on general statistical assumption. Finally, to mobilize all stakeholders into action, media advocacy is conducted.
Impact: How does it Work

Example: Walk us through a specific example(s) of how this solution makes a difference; include its primary activities.

For example, how we collect education data. First we recruited enumerators from local community and trained them how to do survey. The micro data from SIPBM (the output of which is by name by address) is reconfirmed through focused group discussion (FGD). We invited un-schooled children, parents, school, and local policy makers (sub-district head, head of office of education, school monitoring board). Here we explore qualitative information. House visit is conducted to those not attending. Village action planning is then conducted. Here we socialize the process and output - “portrait of the village.” Community comes with fresh ideas to solve their own problem. Later we conduct media advocacy to mobilize everyone in action toward solution.

Impact: What is the impact of the work to date? Also describe the projected future impact for the coming years.

Using micro data, more than 3000 drop-out students in Polewali Mandar and about 400 in Mamuju District can be returned to school. Disclosure of data allow community and private sector to get a clear picture and take action, so that a collective action is built, unlike the conventional government dominated project. E.g. school committee in Polman District facilitate free uniform and school equipment. Private sectors channel scholarship. Local Islamic Fund facilitate school bus, knowing that in Campalagian sub-district the main problem is school is too far from home. A community figure donate a plot of land to build a school. Sub-district head, village head, and head of education office create a monitoring post, for community to report cases of drop-out children. All of this is made possible also with the help of journalist who advocates the data result through various channels.
Sustainability

Financial Sustainability Plan: What is this solution’s plan to ensure financial sustainability?

We advocate regulation on national and local level. National level regulation can be implemented through ministry of internal affair. With activity and budget provided from central/ national government, this alternative would maximize spread. Alternately local regulation can be formulated to sustain SIPBM model through local budget.
Team

Founding Story

This initiative first started in Polewali Mandar district, due to the problem of drop-out students and illiteracy. We began SIPBM initiative in 11 villages in 2 sub-districts. The result gave a comprehensive data on barriers of the compulsory 9 year schooling. The data clearly shows the number and reason of drop-out and illiteracy, thus made intervention easier. Post SIPBM survey, we conducted village action planning, involving head of village and community figures. We also disclose the result through media to reach out other stakeholders and move them to contribute toward solution. Seeing the result, local government was open to conduct SIPBM in one district. In year 2007, Polewali Mandar District replicate this to 167 villages.
About You
Organization:
Konsorsium/Tim SIPBM Provinsi Sulawesi Barat
About You
First Name

Muhammad Nehru

Last Name

Sagena

LinkedIn URL
About Your Organization
Organization Name

Konsorsium/Tim SIPBM Provinsi Sulawesi Barat

Organization Country

, XX, Mamuju

Country where this project is creating social impact

, Mamuju

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Impact
Full Impact Potential: What are the main spread strategies moving forward? (Please consider geographic spread, policy reform, and independent replication/adoption of the idea or other mechanisms.)

We socialize this program through a number channels, among which government (in this case national ministry of education and local government), Eastern Indonesia Smart Practice Forum (BaKTI), and donor agency.
Until now this approach has been replicated in 25 districts/ municipalities in 10 provinces across Indonesia.

Barriers: What barriers might hinder the success of your project and how do you plan to overcome them?

Human resource. This program needs assistance and social work on grass root level, and strong commitment on community empowerment.
Financial resource. Although funding is not everything, we need financial back up to sustain the program.
Regulation. No regulation yet to optimize the use of micro data and sustain the initiative.

Sustainability
Partnerships: Tell us about your partnerships.

Bappeda (local development planning agency), Dinas Pendidikan (office of education), Dinas Kesehatan (office of health), Badan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Desa (village empowerment agency), Dinas Sosial (office of social sector), Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil (office of civil registration), Dinas PU/Perumahan (office of public work), Kementerian Agama (ministry of religion), NGO, private sector, school committee, local authority, press/ media

Closing the Loop
How does your project primarily ensure that feedback delivers results?

Create an environment where people give feedback freely.

Please elaborate on your answer to the above question.

We involved community (Community figure, youth leader, women, educator, religious figure, business sector, government, and specific target group) from determining the data variable needed to measure education, health, and economic condition; then survey, reconfirmation, up to creating action plan, monitoring, and evaluation.
e.g. we conduct FGD to ask their opinion about real problem. Those not attending (many are ashamed due to their status) are visited to know their condition. Among the key questions: reason of drop-out, expectation, what should be provided to return to school.

Languages: In what languages are you able to read and write fluently?

English.

2nd Round Questions
Thinking about your feedback loop; what information are you trying to get from whom, to whom, and to bring about what change?

Information in form of micro data, the output of which by name by address, about the most current condition (problem, e.g. why a child doesn’t attend school) and aspiration about program most needed, from the community. This will give clear picture to local government and with media advocacy will help mobilize resources from public.

What is the purpose of your feedback loop?

Improve quality of programs

If other, please specify
What mediums or mechanisms do you use to collect feedback? (check all that apply)

Paper, Physical gathering.

If other, please specify
Could you briefly describe the way you collect the feedback?

Through face to face interaction, discussion is set with beneficiaries and other stakeholders, thus response and solution is determined on site. Print media amplifies the information dissemination, thus facilitating response and mobilization from wider audience.

What mechanisms are in place to protect people from retribution?

Secured protection on information

If other, please specify
What are the immediate benefits or incentives for people to provide feedback?

Confirmation of use of feedback

If other, please specify
How do you ensure new and marginalized voices are heard?

Incentives (monetary or other) targeting specific groups

If other, please specify
What are the incentives for the intended recipient to act on the feedback?

They understand that feedback is necessary

If other, please specify
How does the feedback mechanism close the loop with those who provided feedback in the first place?

Meetings discussing results with providers

If other, please specify
How is feedback published/transparent?

Printed in media

If other, please specify
Give two concrete examples of how feedback loops have brought a program or policy more in line with citizens’ desires.

1) Drop out children receive financial assistance through village fund, the target beneficiaries are set through a meeting between villagers and village authority. This way increased transparency of village financial allocation and assistance.
2) Public Health Insurance: every villager is aware of their right of free health care in Health Center of Hospital, and village authority is aware of their obligation to give official letter for the villagers to access their right.

If there was one thing you could change to increase the impact of your feedback loop, what would it be?

Pushing for every citizen to get involved in every decision making on village level.

What are your biggest challenges or barriers in “closing the feedback loop”?

Lack of funding for feedback data collection

If other, please specify
Are you aware of The Feedback Store?

No, but I would like to be on it

What are the main uses you can envision for the Feedback Store?

Sharing experience to improve development process.

What is the one thing you would most like to see changed to improve the competition process?

Involvement of participants in open discussion to share and spread ideas.

What are you doing to make sure that feedback providers know that they are empowered by the information they can give and that they know exactly what the information they are providing?

Emphasizing the importance of their information and ideas in open discussion with feedback provider.