Reduce Employment Discrimination against People Living with HIV in China

Reduce Employment Discrimination against People Living with HIV in China

Organization type: 
nonprofit/ngo/citizen sector
$10,000 - $50,000
Project Summary
Elevator Pitch

Concise Summary: Help us pitch this solution! Provide an explanation within 3-4 short sentences.

We work for the equal employment opportunities for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in China. Employment inequality and discrimination, is the common issue faced by PLHIV in China, who are is in great need of employment opportunities.
We will work on how to increase the abilities to fight with employment discrimination and inequality in PLHIV communities, how to change the opinions of entrepreneau and HR managers, and how to arouse social impact through TV program.
Our final target is to change the employment discrimination against PLHIV in social policies in China.

About Project

Problem: What problem is this project trying to address?

There are estimated 740 thousand PLHIV in China, while the registered are about 370 thousand. The discrimination, misunderstanding and stigma are wild against them. The underemployment and poverty of PLHIV are common. In a survey of more than 6000 respondents in 2008, 41.3% are NOT willing to work with PLHIV. Stigma Index Survey-China in 2009 showed up that: 14.8% of 1877 PLHIV are refused for employment or fired; 16.7% were forced to change jobs, and 3.8% were denied for promotions. The employment discrimination is the wildest discrimination for PLHIV. There are also discriminationary policies. PLHIV are not qualified for civil servant, teachers and other jobs in public institution due to the health criteria policis. The health examinations for new employees are common. Two legal suits failed in 2010 and two young men couldn't be teachers after tested positive in the health examination. Such discrimination in employment has seriously influence the equal job opportunities and career development for PLHIV in China.

Solution: What is the proposed solution? Please be specific!

1.The frank communication between PLHIV and the public including enterprise staff with open identity are much more effective and influential than other ways. 2.Full involvement of PLHIV in the project design, implementation and evaluation; 3.Empowerment of PLHIV communities themselves in response of the discrimination; 4.Cooperation with the enterprise and enterprise unions to decrease discrimination against PLHIV, which betters the HIV prevention work as well. 5.Work with media program to arouse attention and impact in public.
Impact: How does it Work

Example: Walk us through a specific example(s) of how this solution makes a difference; include its primary activities.

The first year plan: 1.Training of Trainers on Response to the Employment Discrimination. - Select twenty Positive Talks volunteers, who are experienced PLHIV community activists; - Discuss the training schedule and experts invitations with the volunteers; - A three-day training, on the employment right protection awareness, and capacities in response to the discrimination against PLHIV in workplace. - Encourage and support the twenty volunteers for peer education in their local PLHIV community work. 2. Employment Equality in Enterprise: - Explore the cooperation with Red Ribbon Foundation of National Association of Industry and Commerce and the China Red Ribbon Forum, to hold the forum on employment equality for PLHIV. - Workshops in Beijing and Shanghai on employment equality with the enterprise with at least twenty HR managers; 3. Job Hunting for PLHIV in TV: - Discuss the cooperation with job-hunting program in TV; - Communication between the media workers and Positive Talks volunteers; - Recruit at least four volunteers from PLHIV for the job-hunting program. - Produce and broadcast the job-hunting session for PLHIV, with privacy protection. 4.Conclusion and promotion in the end.
About You
Marie Stopes International China
About You
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About Your Organization
Organization Name

Marie Stopes International China

Organization Country
Country where this project is creating social impact
How long has your organization been operating?

More than 5 years

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What stage is your project in?

Operating for 1‐5 years

Share the story of the founder and what inspired the founder to start this project

The employment discrimination is a common problem for all in the PLHIV community. “We”, the team of Positive Talks, have heard countless stories of people being refused to work, or discriminated because of the virus, although working together is not risky at all.
The health criteria of many jobs ban PLHIV to work. One of our volunteers, Tang, is a college graduate at his twenties. He should be able to seek for good job positions, but he dared not to, due to the health examination for new employees. He luckily found a small bank which didn’t require the body check, and the salary is much lower than famous banks. The two young men, who were refused to be teachers in 2010, were not so lucky. They were brave enough to speak out their unfair experience and launched the legal suits, and they failed. People found HIV positive in workplace in are always forced to change to isolated positions, or fired directly. Such stories are countless in the PLHIV communities.

Social Impact
Please describe how your project has been successful and how that success is measured

- Positive Talks project was jointly supported by UNDP and UNAIDS from 2007 to 2010. It recruited more than 40 volunteers from PLHIV communities across the country, and provided continous trainings to increase their capacities on trainings and speech delivery, anti-discrimination, research skills and community service.
- The volunteers have conducted more than 600 sessions of speech and trainings to more than 40 thousand personals, including 7500 Olympic volunteers, UN staff, media workers, college students, company employees, health service staff, PLHIV and other social monitories. Positive Talks volunteers have been a irreplaceable force in the HIV/AIDS prevention and caring work in China.
- The communication with the various social groups raised people’s awareness of HIV prevention, and reduced their fear, misunderstanding and discrimination against PLHIV. We keep on training service for employees and managers in Total, Standard Chartered bank and other companies.
Positive Talks trainers were specially welcomed by PLHIV. They cheer up the life confidence of peers in the community. Nevertheless, in the project process, the Positive Talks volunteers become more confident and capable in their job positions. They are busy with their various carriers in different fields.
- About media cooperation, we help organized the interviews from TV channels, newspaper, magazines and websites. Recently, we have cooperated with China National Radio on a one-year program to speak the voice of PLHIV out to the general public.

-Video Link:

How many people have been impacted by your project?

More than 10,000

How many people could be impacted by your project in the next three years?

More than 10,000

How will your project evolve over the next three years?

The project will continure its work to reduce the discrimination in employment, and the final target is the change the discriminionary social policies.
This is a very important part of our anti-discrimination against PLHIV work in China.

What barriers might hinder the success of your project and how do you plan to overcome them?

- This project is part of the Positive Talks project. We will ensure the effort to reduce employment discrimination as part of the project work;
- For the confidentiality issues of PLHIV, we use the networks of PLHIV community groups to encourage the participation, and always fulfill the privacy protection for the participants;
- For the participation from the enterprise, we will discuss with our enterpriese partners and CSR organizations, use the sample influence(such as impact of famous entrepreneur or stars) and seek for potential cooperation with categories forum and workshop organizers;
- For the wills of media, we will persuade the win-win situation to them with help of powerful partners.

Tell us about your partnerships

-UN agencies, working for zero discrimination against PLHIV, are always our close partners;
-Provide training service to Total, Standard Chartered, Baidu and many other famous enterprise;
- Contact with media workers, such as China Daily and Global Times, and China National Radio;
- Most importantly, we keep pleasant relationship with Chinese government departments and other NGOs.

Explain your selections

- Financial support from foundations;
- support from The UN, Chinese national and local government, other NGOs on HIV/AIDS, who are also working on anti-discrimination against PLHIV; - Cooperation with CSR organizations and Enterprise for training and speech service, and th planned employment equality campaign.

How do you plan to strengthen your project in the next three years?

- Conclude the first year implementation of project;
- Spread up the trainings on response to employment discrimination in PLHIV communities in different provinces;
- Broaden the partnership with enterprises, business unions, labour bureau in the government, to develop more advocacy activities;
- Discover diverse ways of cooperation with the media;
- Influence the policy-makers, for the change of discriminative policies, such as the health criteria for civil servant, teachers and other jobs.

Which barriers to employment does your innovation address?
Please select up to three in order of relevancy to your project.




Need for regulatory/policy support


Restrictive cultural norms

Please describe how your innovation specifically tackles the barriers listed above.

- To empower PLHIV themselves and increase their abilities in response to the workplace discrimination, the self-recognition independence.
- Some social policies are not equal to PLHIV for employement in China, banning them to work in the jobs they want.The health check including HIV is always a risk for PLHIV in job market.
- The society has an universal denial and intolerance of PLHIV in workplace. This is what we target to shift.

Are you trying to scale your organization or initiative?
If yes, please check up to three potential pathways in order of relevancy to you.



Influenced other organizations and institutions through the spread of best practices


Enhanced existing impact through addition of complementary services

Please describe which of your growth activities are current or planned for the immediate future.

We will recruit the second group of Positive Talks project from PLHIV communities, and then organize the capacity trainings to them, for future advocacy activities, training and speeches to the public.

Do you collaborate with any of the following: (Check all that apply)

Government, NGOs/Nonprofits, For profit companies.

If yes, how have these collaborations helped your innovation to succeed?

The first stakeholder and partner are PLHIV community and community organizations. Their participation, courage and abilities are the key to our project.
The government and NGOs, share the same objectives of none discrimination. We have kept long cooperation with UN agencies, and famous NGOs, such as China Association of STD/AIDS Prevention&Treatment, National Association of Industry and Commerce, etc.
The past cooperation with enterprises may benefit the project plan on entrepreneurs and HR managers. The enterprise may provide the good samples of employment equality for PLHIV, for instance, Standard Chartered bank.