The Kisiwani Environmental Group: Solid Waste Management in Dar es Salaam

The Kisiwani Environmental Group: Solid Waste Management in Dar es Salaam

Dar es Salaam, TanzaniaDar es Salaam, Tanzania
Organization type: 
for profit
Project Stage:
$1,000 - $10,000
Project Summary
Elevator Pitch

Concise Summary: Help us pitch this solution! Provide an explanation within 3-4 short sentences.

The Kisiwani Environmental Group is a CBO that collects waste in unplanned settlements in the Buguruni Ward. The KEG has developed a new Solid Waste Recycling and Composting Project. Through this project, collaborating organizations aim to catalyze composting and recycling as an effective measure for generating revenue, while reducing the amount of waste transferred to the city’s dumpsite.

About Project

Problem: What problem is this project trying to address?

This project addresses issues surrounding solid waste management in one of Dar’s many unplanned settlements. Currently, solid waste management in unplanned settlements is either non-existent or is organised through community groups because of poor access roads. There are many community based organisations collecting waste in unplanned areas of Dar es Salaam. Most of these groups face serious challenges relating to revenue collection, access to land for waste transfer stations, and lack contracts from local government for collection service.Collection of revenue from households, businesses and institutions, is a major challenge for CBO’s working in solid waste management.

Solution: What is the proposed solution? Please be specific!

The KEG project is an important innovation because it represents a local solution to the unmet basic service needs of the majority of Dar citizens who live in unplanned settlements (70-80%). The KEG, in collaboration with SCI, BORDA and the Ilala Municipality, is working towards improving their push-cart collection service and introducing waste separation in the ward. The main objectives of the project are: •To reduce the amount of waste dumped at the Pugu dumpsite through waste separation and composting at the KEG transfer site •To extend the solid waste separation process to the household level •To increase the fee payment compliance of residents •To increase KEG’s revenue; through revenue collection and the selling of compost and recyclables. •To have long term formal contracts between the Municipality and KEG for solid waste management services
Impact: How does it Work

Example: Walk us through a specific example(s) of how this solution makes a difference; include its primary activities.

The Kisiwani Environmental Group (KEG) provides waste collection for households, businesses and institutions, within unplanned settlements in the Buguruni Ward. The KEG consists of 10 members (7 men and 3 women) and employs an additional 26 youth from the community. At the transfer site, KEG workers separate the waste into organics, recyclables and residual waste. By separating out recyclables and organic material, the KEG reduces the amount of waste the Ilala Municipality delivers to the city dump, therefore cutting down on Municipal costs. On average, each pushcart collects 500kg of waste per day. From that 500kg, 300kg is organic waste and recyclables. After separation, only 200kg of waste remains to be transported to the final dumpsite. Other activities achieved in collaboration with SCI, BORDA and Ilala Municipality are: a)The facilitation of a formal agreement between the KEG and the ward allowing KEG to collect waste for 2 years b)Anglican Church accepted the KEG using the site as a transfer station c)Facilitated the signing of an MoU between KEG, SCI, BORDA and Ilala Municipality d)The training of the KEG on waste management, recycling and composting and the production of a composting manual e)The procurement of equipment such as protective clothing; waste collection equipment and waste recycling equipment f)The production of compost, by the KEG, at the end of June 2012; the testing of the quality of compost for (nutrients, heavy metal and faecal matter) by Ardhi University g)The development of a database in order to improve revenue collection

Marketplace: Who else is addressing the problem outlined here? How does the proposed project differ from these approaches?

Currently, three other CBO’s collect waste in the Buguruni Ward, where KEG collects from. Other competitors include compost sellers within the Ward, including individuals who sell compost along the roadside and those who collect and sell plastics. Other challenges competitors pose: •Competition for land; land is a diminishing resource in Dar es Salaam and long term land agreements are often difficult to acquire •On occasion the market for recyclables is flooded, this leads to decreased market value of the plastics KEG can sell •Competition in selling compost; KEG may have to compete with those selling compost at a lower price and lower quality. KEG is set apart from other competitors because they are the only known waste collectors producing compost from the waste they collect.

Founding Story

Since the KEG started the compost making process,all stakeholders involved have been holding monthly meetings. It was at the second of such monthly meetings that profound progress was made. At this meeting relationships between all stakeholders involved were strengthened, project progress was noted and the future of the project as an achievable and viable endeavour was realized. Realizing their potential to become a leader in solid waste management within their community, and in Dar es Salaam; as well as their ability to function as a viable business, a behavioural change occurred within the KEG. The KEG realized that the success of the project depended on them taking on additional responsibilities to achieve ownership of the project.Since this meeting, the KEG has done just that. The KEG stands as a leader in Solid Waste Management in Dar es Salaam and has had a profound impact on improving the environment through the recycling, reusing and reducing of solid waste.
About You
The Kisiwani Environmental Group
About You
First Name

Mr. Yahya

Last Name


About Your Organization
Organization Name

The Kisiwani Environmental Group

Organization Country

, DS, Dar es Salaam

Country where this project is creating social impact

, DS, Dar es Salaam

Age of Innovator


Gender of Innovator


How long has your organization been operating?

1‐5 years

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How long have you been in operation?

Operating for 1‐5 years

Social Impact
What solution(s) does your initiative address to help emerging entrepreneurs and small businesses grow and thrive in underserved communities? (select all applicable)

Access to financing, Access to supply chains, Access to technology, Access to economic opportunity, Policy change/advocacy.

What has been the impact of your solution to date?

The KEG waste separation and composting project has provided a unique opportunity to improve waste collection for and gather new data on the residents and businesses in the Buguruni area of Dar es Salaam . This project has improved the KEG's revenue generating potential and has reduced the total waste transferred to the dumpsite, decreasing costs for the Ilala Municipality.This project has built the capacity of individual members of the KEG and has improved the relationship between the community group and the local municipality.The research component of this project, in collaboration with Ardhi University, has increased local knowledge of waste composition.This means that the project's impact will be much larger than just the Buguruni ward. Many local stakeholders will be able to see the benefits of waste recycling and composting, in terms of both revenue generation and cost savings.Furthermore, the KEG has provided employment opportunities to youth in the area.

What is your projected impact over the next 1-3 years?

•To convert the existing transfer station into a simple solid waste separation, recycling, and composting centre for push cart collected waste
•To secure a formal long term solid waste management contract between the Ilala Municipality and KEG
•To train the KEG in waste separation, recycling, composting and business management
•To generate additional revenue for the KEG through the selling of plastics, bottles, and compost
•To reduce truckloads, and the cost of transporting waste, to the Pugu dumpsite by the Ilala Municipal Council.

What barriers might hinder the success of your project? How do you plan to overcome them?

•Residents, businesses, institutions not paying for waste collection service
•Short term contracts for waste collection
•Access to land for a transfer station
•Insufficient financial resources provided by the Dar es Salaam City Council and its municipalities (from their budgets) to put in place solid waste management schemes.

•Facilitate Ilala Municipality establish a revenue collections officer for Buguruni Ward
•Facilitate signing of MOU between Ilala Municipality and KEG; long term contract for waste collection
•Engage with Municipalities in allocating land for solid waste management facilities, such as transfer sites
•Assist KEG with improving their waste collection service and compost making

Winning entries present a strong plan for how they will achieve and track growth. Identify your six-month milestone for growing your impact

Increase KEG’s revenue (to minimum wage or higher) with selling recyclables and compost. Minimum wage is TSH 120,000($80 CDN)

Identify three major tasks you will have to complete to reach your six-month milestone
Task 1

Identify markets for selling recyclables and compost

Task 2

Assist in networking with local government and other community groups

Task 3

Assist in building the capacity of KEG in managing finances and book keeping

Now think bigger! Identify your 12-month impact milestone

Increase KEG’s revenue with the collection of waste collection service fees. Extend solid waste separation process to households

Identify three major tasks you will have to complete to reach your 12-month milestone
Task 1

Facilitate the Ilala Municipality in establishing a revenue collection officer for Buguruni Ward

Task 2

Facilitate long term solid waste management contract between KEG and Ilala Municipality

Task 3

Facilitate Ilala Municipality in assisting KEG in improving collection service;bins for households; more municipal trucks

Tell us about your partnerships

The Kisiwani Environmental Group (KEG) has developed parternerships with SCI, BORDA,the Ilala Municipality, and Ardhi University. Through these partnerships, the KEG has enhanced their capacity in functionning as a viable business. At the end of July, the KEG took part in a Solid Waste Management Workshop,organized by SCI and BORDA. At this workshop the KEG made valuable contacts throughout the Dar es Salaam solid waste community, including representatives from other community groups, local government, and the private sector.

Please elaborate on any needs or offers you have mentioned above and/or suggest categories of support that aren't specified within the list

Any external funding the KEG could receive would assist the project substantially.Extra funding would assist the KEG in purchasing compost bags for the selling and marketing of the compost they are making.
Being able to network with other community groups, local government, as well as with international organizations, would assist in the skill and knowledge development of the KEG.