promoting the housing rights awareness and anti-eviction

promoting the housing rights awareness and anti-eviction

Cambodia
Organization type: 
nonprofit/ngo/citizen sector
Budget: 
$10,000 - $50,000
Project Summary
Elevator Pitch

Concise Summary: Help us pitch this solution! Provide an explanation within 3-4 short sentences.

Ensure the enforcement and implementation of legal frameworks, partnering to the housing issues; preventing forced evictions and housing rights violations; empowering threatened communities to claim their rights to access quality and acceptable legal and social services.

About Project

Problem: What problem is this project trying to address?

Forced evictions continue be one of Cambodia’s most pervasive and pressing human rights problems. Legislative developments theoretically protect the rights of communities. However, the absence of the rule of law, endemic corruption at all levels of Government and powerful elite that reap economic benefits from the countries' resources create a challenging environment for the protection of housing and land rights of poor and vulnerable communities. In 2009 high-profile communities were subjected to forced eviction including: Dey Krahorm, Group 78, some parts of Boeung Kak Lake and Reak Reay from the Tonle Bassac area. Shortly afterwards, authorities announced that systematic titling would be carried out in Tonle Bassac. The filling of the 90 hectare Boeung Kak Lake in the North of Phnom Penh to make way for the development of high-end real estate is another example of land grabbing to the detriment of poor communities. Many more communities in Phnom Penh and other urban and rural areas are threatened with or vulnerable to forced eviction. Communities delayed evictions, negotiated with authorities or private investors and in some cases achieved higher compensation payments. They ha

Solution: What is the proposed solution? Please be specific!

The both communities threatened with eviction, as well as communities that are currently ‘safe’ but vulnerable to eviction. This ensures that forced evictions continue to be challenged and exposed as human rights violations, while practical alternatives to improving tenure security are developed simultaneously. All activities are designed to lend support to and build the skills of communities to assert their rights, and to build the capacity of national non-profit organizations (NGOs) that support of these communities. The HRTF Secretariat, its member organizations will work together to bring a diverse range of skills and expertise into the implementation of the project. With our shared aims and guiding principles, and different but complementary skill-base, HRTF is well-placed to deliver the activities and expected results of the proposed project. This collaboration will ensure that our project adopts both a local and international perspective and develops strategies and solutions deriving from a local, national, regional and international level. We will achieve this by engaging with local affected communities through awareness-raising activities and through building the capacities of community-based organizations (CBOs) and national NGOs. We envision that building this foundation at the grass roots will create the knowledge and skills necessary to enable our direct target groups to mobilize at the local and at the national levels where they will eventually create the necessary pressure on policy makers responsible for legal reform in Cambodia.
Impact: How does it Work

Example: Walk us through a specific example(s) of how this solution makes a difference; include its primary activities.

Those communities under threat of forced eviction in Phnom Penh will be direct beneficiaries of HRTF activities. There are approximately 100,249 urban poor households in 569 communities in Phnom Penh (SUPF 2003), the vast majority of whom do not have formal title to their property, and many of whom are under threat of eviction. Based on its research, HRTF targets those communities that display both the need for HRTF support and the potential to disseminate information to and coordinate with other communities. Currently, HRTF has identified some 18 communities in Phnom Penh as needing the most urgent support. These communities will be the priority target for HRTF activities such as public speaking training, community organizer, empowerment, advocacy support and networking. In 2009 high-profile communities were subjected to forced eviction including: Dey Krahorm, Group 78, some parts of Boeung Kak Lake and Reak Reay from the Tonle Bassac area. Shortly afterwards, authorities announced that systematic titling would be carried out in Tonle Bassac. The filling of the 90 hectare Boeung Kak Lake in the North of Phnom Penh to make way for the development of high-end real estate is another example of land grabbing to the detriment of poor communities. Many more communities in Phnom Penh and other urban and rural areas are threatened with or vulnerable to forced eviction. Communities delayed evictions, negotiated with authorities or private investors and in some cases achieved higher compensation payments. They have gained not only national but also international media attention. The pressure they built in 2009 contributed to donor attention turning to the problem of forced evictions. Building on these successes, we are optimistic that a new momentum has been created, where joint action from communities, NGOs, the UN and development partners can lead to greater accountability on the part of the Government.
About You
Organization:
Name: Housing Rights Task Force
Section 1: About You
First Name

Sia

Last Name

Phearum

Website
Country
Section 2: About Your Organization
Is your initiative connected to an established organization?

Organization Name

Name: Housing Rights Task Force

Organization Phone

855 23 996 531

Organization Address

#52, St. BKK 1, Chamcar Morn, Phnom Penh

Organization Country
How long has this organization been operating?

More than 5 years

Your idea
Country your work focuses on
Innovation
Do you have a patent for this idea?

Impact
Actions

In year 2011, Develop and update the policies, guidelines, tools and standard Operation Procedures for advocacy, Coordination, Networking, and to Ensuring adequate resource mobilization and efficient use. Conduct HRTF staffs and network member’s capacity assessment, capacity development plan and implementation of its plan and Build more effective partnership between HRTF members, Secretariat and partners.

In year 2011, HRTF strengthening the effective partnership within member and NGO development partner through community coordination mechanism and piloting testing 2 or 3 threaten community network with integrated in to Commune Council and Commune Committee Women Council to share their voice and real demanded of community force eviction and partnership for prevention of force eviction.
Strengthening the links amongst NGOs working on housing rights and amongst NGOs and communities is crucial to ensure that work is well coordinated and the skills that different NGOs transfer to communities well utilized. The HRTF Secretariat will continue to play a key role in improving coordination while Member/Partner will provide technical support to increase HRTF members’ knowledge-base on evict

Results

The expected outcomes of the project and the expected benefits to target communities and NGOs are as follows:

• HRTF met minimum standard of NGO network;
• Level of enforcement and implementation of legal frameworks pertaining to housing issues;
• Increased adequate housing for evicted communities;
• Increased fair and just compensation for evicted communities
• Threatened communities received annulment and delay of planned eviction
• Threatened communities received on site upgrading; and
• Threatened communities received minimum package of civil registration and land ownership/collateral.

In addition to improved access to and dialogue with decision-makers in Government and development partners involved in the land sector.

How many people will your project serve annually?

More than 10,000

What is the average monthly household income in your target community, in US Dollars?

$100 ‐ 1000

Does your project seek to have an impact on public policy?

Yes

If so, how?

Security of land tenure is essential to the realization of all aspects of the right to adequate housing. It is widely accepted that people will improve their own conditions, and in particular the adequacy and habitability of their dwellings, if they are ensured that their rights to the land or house will be protected and they will not be forcibly or arbitrarily evicted. A number of legislative developments are under way that will be critical to the future of housing rights protection in Cambodia. Therefore HRTF in conjunction with its main NGO members will continue to priorities issues of forced evictions and secure tenure in their work.

Sustainability
What stage is your project in?

Operating for 1‐5 years

Does your organization have a board of directors or an advisory board?

Does your organization have any non monetary partnerships with NGOs?

Yes

Does your organization have any non monetary partnerships with businesses?

Yes

Does your organization have any non monetary partnerships with government?

Yes

Please tell us more about how partnerships could be critical to the success of your innovation.

HRTF’s mission is to prevent forced evictions and housing rights violations, and to promote the development and full enjoyment of housing rights for all Cambodians. HRTF’s dream is a Phnom Penh where all communities know their rights, know how to exercise their rights, have the political will and internal organization for collective action, and consistently demand transparency, accountability and sustainability in all local development policies. In working towards this goal, HRTF’s objective is to build relationships with Government in all to bring about improvements in the protection of housing rights in Cambodia. HRTF’s activities are geared towards working with the strengths communities already have and to empower them in areas where they need support.

We would like to learn more about how your initiative is financially supported. Please explain your business plan/revenue model

First of all we consultation as individual among the Board of Director members, staffs, members, partners and community and we also reviewed the relevant documents. Then we conducting the first consultation workshop, second workshop till finished and come up with final product of the three years strategic plan from 2011-2013. Please read more in attached file.

The Story
What was the defining moment that led you to this innovation?

I used to work as government officer for another ten years in the ministry of national defense; then I changed to work as UNV specialist which was based within the national aids authority for another four years, then I changed to work as the programme officer of the Canadian Southeast Asia HIV/AIDS Program; then I changed to work as a country representative of the French international organization to focus on the child sex tourism for another three months, after I changed to work as consultant team manager at the HIV/AIDS Coordination Committee (HACC), then I changed to work as the Civil society partnership coordinator which based in HACC. Right now, I was a secretary general of the housing rights task force. I had many experience and also different field. Therefore, I am the one who always change myself and willing to learn new thing and I do not want to work something that it is the same. Anyways, I am a person who affected by the eviction, as my house also face to forced eviction later. That right, I want to help my family and community that I was working with them to fight eviction and we demanding for social justice.

Tell us about the social innovator—the person—behind this idea.

We had many friends who working this field, especially we had the community residents who behind this idea and they inspired me to working in this field in order to helping them. In the first of my mission with this organization, I was really shock when I met with the victims that they always came to meeting with my colleagues and I with crying and raised about their serious issue related to the eviction notice which was issued by the local government and offered them with ten day for the deadline to voluntary to move out with any compensation at all. After, we conducted the field visit among my colleagues and then we found that those victims face the un-faire of the local authority that treat to them with a bad image.

How did you first hear about Changemakers?

Email from Changemakers

If through another source, please provide the information.

Approximately 50 words left (400 characters).

Additional
Which (if any) of the following strategies apply to your organization or company (check as many as apply)

Policy advocacy to strengthen property rights or increase security of tenure, Formalizing and documenting property rights (i.e. titling, leasing or certification), Legal education and awareness, Developing/applying technology for surveying, mapping and documenting property rights.

Please explain how your work furthers one or many of the above strategies (if you selected “other”, please explain your strategy)

Approximately 50 words left (400 characters).