Manuafacturing & promotion of a bicycle passenger carrier

Manuafacturing & promotion of a bicycle passenger carrier

Sri Lanka
Organization type: 
government
Budget: 
$10,000 - $50,000
Project Summary
Elevator Pitch

Concise Summary: Help us pitch this solution! Provide an explanation within 3-4 short sentences.

This project proposes the production of bicycle passenger carriers and spares parts for needy countries. It generates a large number of other supporting business as well; riders (who ride for a fee), repairing etc. It gives a green, healthy and highly economical way of transportation for low income public. The proposed invention has overcome all the drawbacks of the presently used such carriers.

About You
Organization:
Universiti Putra malaysia
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Section 1: About You
First Name

Chandima

Last Name

Gomes

Country
Section 2: About Your Organization
Is your initiative connected to an established organization?

Yes

Organization Name

Universiti Putra malaysia

Organization Phone
Organization Address
Organization Country
How long has this organization been operating?

More than 5 years

Your idea
Country your work focuses on

, XX

Innovation
What makes your innovation unique?

A bicycle passenger carrier (BPC) can be used for the transportation of both passengers and their goods. The presently available type (known as bicycle rickshaw) in Bangladesh and western parts of India has several disadvantages. Each disadvantage and solution is given below.

1. The rider is exposed to rain and sun: A separate foldable hood for the rider

2. Large weight and corrosion problems of the carriage: Aluminium frame

3. Uncomfortable seating arrangement of the rider: Well cushioned seat with a back rest

4. The negative concept of “a human being dragging a human being”: Passengers are also provided with pedals to ride

5. Uncomfortablility for the passengers due to road condition: The passenger compartment is installed with a shock absorbing system.

The proposed BPC consists of a rider compartment separated by a transparent fabric from the passenger compartment which is designed for two passengers and their hand luggage. The two compartments have separate foldable hoods. The passenger compartment is provided with two sets of pedals to support the efforts of the rider.

Due to the above unique modifications the proposed BPC can be widely used as a mode of transport (for a small fee) in many parts of South Asia, South East Asia, Africa and South America in both rural and urban areas. In addition to being a low cost transportation the BPC can also be used as a fun-vehicle at archeological, zoological, botanical, beach etc. sites, other tourist resorts and amusement parks. The production of BPCs will generate millions of jobs in the form of riders, bicycle and spare part dealers, repairing and service providers etc.

Do you have a patent for this idea?

Impact
Tell us about the social impact of your innovation. Please include both numbers and stories as evidence of this impact

Short-distance transportation is a considerable problem in many parts of the world due to lack of means of transportation and economical constraints. In Sri Lanka alone there are over 5000 villages to which the distance is more than 3 km from the main route of transportation. The people in these villages travel either by foot, by small vans or by three wheelers. The first option is time consuming and not to be practiced on regular basis, especially with a hand luggage. The second option is not preferable due to over crowding, irregularity in schedule and unavailability on specific days. Only a few people can opt for three-wheelers due to the high cost. The last two means of transportation also make a huge environmental impact: high emission and noise pollution due to ill-maintained old vehicles, two stroke engines, etc.

The proposed bicycle passenger carrier (BPC) provides solution for the above issue as the low cost of purchasing and operating of a BPC enable the owner to provide a reliable cheap means of short-distance transportation. The biggest hurdle in popularizing the BPC in many countries is the concept of “a human being dragging a human being” which prevents an average passenger from seeking the service of a BPC. However, with the introduction of peddling to the passenger as well minimize such thinking. Apart from providing low cost method of transportation to low-income people the BPC can also be popularized as a fun-vehicle in site seeing tours and amusement park rides.

Considered the number of possible locations where BPC can be introduced, in South Asia and Africa alone the BPC has a market of over 20 million in the first year of manufacturing. It will benefit over couple of billion people per month all over the world.

In Sri Lanka, the cost of a 3-wheeler hired for 3 km is approximately USD 1.20. Consider the BPC rider charge 1/3 rd of this amount (40 Cents). He can easily cover 30 rides a day earning USD 12. This is twice the average earning of a person of similar skills earn in Sri Lanka. The BPC can be sold at USD 200 keeping a 20% net profit margin. If the BPC owner saves USD 2 per day and work 20 days a month, he can pay back the cost in less than 6 months even at an interest rate of 12%.

The manufacturing plant need not be equipped with hi-tech machinery hence the initial investment will be fairly low compared with similar business investments. Hence the return on investment will be one to two years.

Problem: Describe the primary problem(s) that your innovation is addressing

Problems-1: The hardships faced by common people in regular short-distance transportation; lack of proper modes of transportation and non-affordability for existing transportation

Problem-2: The concept of “a human being is dragging another human being” that prevents people seeking BPC type transportation

Problem-3: The need for non-emissive, silent, and recreational type of transportation for site seeing and tourist activities.

Problem-4: The environmental problems caused by the existing transportation due to ill-maintained old vehicles and two stroke engines etc.

Problem-5: The need of mass-scale self employment for people with below average income.

These problems will be successfully addressed by the proposed project which has been described in detail in the other sections

Actions: Describe the steps that you are taking to make your innovation a success. Include a description of the business model. What might prevent that success?

1. A patent will be applied for the concept and design.

2. The project plan will be discussed with several potential entrepreneurs.

3. A road map, profit sharing basis and other legal/business aspects are finalized

4. A manufacturing plant will be established at a suitable location in Malaysia, Sri Lanka or any other country as per the agreement with the entrepreneur

5. The concept will be discussed with the authorities of respective governments (with Sri Lankan government at first) for subsidies, tax reduction etc. and also with banks of respective countries (in Sri Lanka at first) to arrange loans for the potential buyers

6. A marketing promotional campaign is launched to make the potential customers aware of the product.

7. Start the manufacturing process

8. Educate local authorities, Police, and social workers regarding the introduction of the new mode of transportation.

9. Start the marketing process

10. Asses the success and failure after one year to improve the business

Challenges:

1. One of the major causes of heavy road-traffic in cities such as Calcutta and Dhaka is the bi-cycle rickshaw. Therefore this mode of transport should not be introduced into the metropolitan areas. A law should be enforced to ban passenger or goods carrying rickshaws from entering such areas.

2. The vehicle is difficult to be operated if the road condition is very bad.

3. Untrained riders may cause road accidents. Therefore the rickshaw riders should be given a two week training after which a licence is issued to him or her for carrying passengers. The rickshaw should also be registered at a local authority (eg. municipal council) and the registration number should be displayed on the front and rear of the rickshaw.

Results: Describe the expected results of these actions over the next three years. Please address each year separately, if possible

Year-1: Establishment of the factory, preperation for production (collection of materials), finalizing agreements with government, local authoritie, banks and dealers.

Year-2: Selling 50,000 units, have discussions with the authroities in several states of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and other possible countries to luanch the project.

Year-3: selling 500,000 units. Increase the capacity of the plant,have discussions with East Asian countries to launch the project.

How many people will your project serve annually?

More than 10,000

What is the average monthly household income in your target community, in US Dollars?

$50 - 100

Does your innovation seek to have an impact on public policy?

Yes

If your innovation seeks to impact public policy, how?

The following conditions are applicable mostly to urban areas

1. One of the major causes of heavy road-traffic in cities such as Calcutta and Dhaka is the bi-cycle rickshaw. Therefore this mode of transport should not be introduced into the metropolitan areas. A law should be enforced to ban passenger or goods carrying rickshaws from entering such areas.

2. Untrained riders may cause road accidents. Therefore the rickshaw riders should be given a two week training after which a license is issued to him or her for carrying passengers. The rickshaw should also be registered at a local authority (eg. municipal council) and the registration number should be displayed on the front and rear of the rickshaw.

Sustainability
What stage is your Social Enterprise in?

Idea phase

Does your organization have a board of directors or an advisory board?

Yes

Does your organization have a non monetary partnerships with NGOs?

Yes

Does your organization have a non monetary partnerships with businesses?

Yes

Does your organization have a non monetary partnerships with government?

Yes

Please tell us more about how partnerships could be critical to the success of your Social Enterprise

Without having a partnership with a sound entrepreneur I will not be able to make this business a success due to lack of
1. capital investment
2. business planning experience
3. business operational and executing expereince

We would like to learn more about how your initiative is financially supported. Please explain your business plan/revenue model

The University will look for a business partner in Malaysia who would like to invest for the project.

The Story
What was the defining moment that led you to this innovation?

When I saw the people in rural Sri Lanka walking 4-5 km every day, in burning heat, to get their daily needs; simply because they do not have any means of transport in those areas.

Tell us about the person—the social innovator—behind this idea.

I am a Professor of Physics (university of Colombo) and now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at UPM, Malaysia. My expertise is Lightning and Transient protection. However, for more than 15 years of my professional career, I spend many hours volunteering to do something for the poor people in Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. The NASTEC Sri Lanka and several NGOs helped me a lot in achieving my targets.

How did you first hear about Changemakers?

Social media (e.g. Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn)

If through another source, please provide the information