For each selection, please explain the financial and non-financial support from each
There are three main capital partners in the model, namely, the community, government and business. The role we play is that of conceptulising, giving technical support and helping put together the partnerships. NGOs, national/global development agencies and academia, where required, act as facilitators.
The community’s role is that of a client, consumer and a capital partner, not a “beneficiary”. It also subsequently manages local maintenance within the settlements.
The government partner channels its development budgets into the project. However, as much as the resources, its partnership helps to develop policy framework and address issues of tenure. In Indore and Mumbai the government partners were Development Authorities, in Baroda, Ahmedabad and Bhopal the Municipal Corporations and in the rural work it is the Gram Panchayat (village council) and State Rural Ministry.
Businesses, apart from funds, bring planning, implementation and management skills to the project. In Baroda this was done by United Way set up by the Federation of Baroda Industries. In Ahmedabad pilot slums, Arvind Mills, a city textile group, ran the project on behalf of the community and the municipality through its own NGO Sharda Trust, supported by Saath. The Vice President of Arvind Mill sees this as “enlightened self interest” and not philanthropy.
For research and evaluation, we use academic partners such as CEPT University, Ahmedabad and Cambridge University and their research students.
How do you plan to grow and/or diversify your base of support in the next three years?
We are constantly amazed that we have managed to reach such a large poor population with scanty resources by bringing together partnerships between community, governments and business. Imagine what can be done if the huge resources available with governments, business, international development agencies and bilateral aid are channeled into this development instead of being frittered away!
India has 100 million slum dwellers and half the 700 million rural population is poor. The aggregate national demand is thus 450 million persons. At rupees 2500 per person (1$=45rupees) for infrastructure development, the market size is $25 billion. The complementary demand for housing finance is even greater at about $100 billion. As such funding is beyond government budgets and aid, our objective in the coming years is to persuade reputable corporate houses into the development fray as a viable business proposition.
As important as the funding, we need to grow to a much larger and professional delivery structure for upscaling.