What is your signature innovation, your new idea, in one sentence?
As 3 Ashoka African Fellows working in Sanitation Fields in Africa, we would like to combine our current skills and take them to a higher international level to sort out the toileting backlog in
Describe your innovation. What makes your idea unique and different than others doing work in the field?
• Isaac Durojaiye manufactures plastic Mobile Toilets (DMT Mobile Toilets Ltd) in Nigeria which are taken to all rural and poor areas in the whole of Africa where there are no toilets at all. His structures are easy to make, transport, install, use and maintain. They are culturally acceptable, peoples culture are of a great concern in the design of toilets
• David Kuria of Ecotact – Innovating sanitation, an architecture by profession designs and builds multi purpose toilet buildings in Kenya which are suitable for environments like public places, schools and all recreation places in the world. His toilet structure is characterized by its beautiful appearance and can be classified as and called “The Beatiful Toilet – Let’s Make Beautiful Our African Toilet” as they do in South Korea (check Korean websites www.withwta.org and www.suwon.ne.kr for further Beautiful Toilet information).
• Trevor Mulaudzi of The Clean Shop in South Africa teaches people and school children how to use a clean toilet. It’s all about maintenance of clean, safe and hygienic toilet environment after Isaac and David have put up their “Beautiful Toilets”, mobile or fixed structures, so that Trevor can keep all African Beautiful Toilets clean.
All 3 of us are specialists in our own way in the ABCD of toilet concepts, or rather ACBD. A = Architecture (David and Isaac), C = Cleanliness, Cleaning and Maintenance (Trevor), B = Behaviour of Toilet User and toileting training (Trevor, Isaac and David) and D= Disposal of Toilet Waste, sewage (David and Isaac). In summary, we are ACBD Specialists sorting out the African Toilet Mentality.
The Ashoka African fellows’ session on sanitation brought an unlikely rich confluence of ideas and solutions to school sanitation across the sub-Saharan Africa. This included David’s concepts of integrated focus from Architecture to disposal systems and reuse of sanitation waste, to Trevor’s Clean Shop concept in South Africa that strengthens sanitation management and professionalized school toilet cleanliness in an amazing proportions, and the quick material re-use of wastes plastics to produce appropriate and ergonomically suitable school sanitation furniture and superstructures.
This we summed up to the ABCD of sanitation, as follows;
Architecture and construction based on addressing appropriate ergonomics for public and school sanitation facilities. This goes beyond to providing a signature of place, in terms of built form, that enable users to link, utilize and associate closely with the toilet. We are exploring developing suitable construction components from waste plastics like sanitation slabs for schools and use of poly blocks for superstructure.
Behavior change is a critical aspect for toilets. Our traditional focus on toilets as a space we cannot link with (rural approach- toilets are located in far corners) is not tenable now with growing urbanism. This will be a key component through innovative campaigns, sports and awards for slums and schools. (David has started in Kibera with UNHabitat and Unicef support) For schools, focusing on teachers and pupils will yield more results in the long-term. Hand-washing with soap is an integral component of appreciating reasonable change of how we understand hygiene.
Cleanliness and maintenance is critical to proper utilisation and sustainability. Most public sanitations are associated with unhygienic environment and only accessible when you cannot avoid. We are hoping to develop a clear curriculum framework for sanitation management and maintenance. We will engage through franchise arrangement with local youth and women for operations and maintenance of these facilities with close oversight role by the council and schools.
Disposal systems that is appropriate for sanitation. We are developing a wide menu of options for disposal systems of human waste, with a focus to optimizing recovery and utilisation of waste, through biodigestion, composting and urine harvesting.
In order to optimize sustainability, additional activities include integrated a “Toilet Mall” concept. This aims at increasing special usability and is installing shoeshine services, calling booths, newspaper vendors and we are finalising agreement to have an
Delivery Model: How do you implement your innovation and apply it to the challenge/problem you are addressing?
By linking up with each other we intend to invade and overhaul African Toilets. With the assistance of Ashoka and other World Toilet Bodies like the World Toilet Association (www.withwta.org) and World Toilet Organization (www.worldtoilet.org) we can bring a “Beautiful Toilet and Culture” to Africa.
How do you plan to expand your innovation?
By networking with all relevant Sanitation Stakeholders in Africa we shall expand our innovation. The following discussion topics are our selling points when we will be marketing our work under the theme “Let’s Make Beautiful Our African Toilet”:
MAINTENANCE OF A “BEAUTIFUL TOILET”
• Concept of a Beautiful Toilet: Toilet is a space for excretion in charge of a part of human physiology. Since a toilet requires draining facilities using water simultaneously with excretion, it cannot be a good toilet if it is difficult to maintain for excessive use of water resources and lack of water, and for the importance of the environment. In this statement we refer to the A and D of our ACBD concept mentioned earlier on page 2.
• Desirable Beautiful Toilet: Desirable “Beautiful Toilet” is the one that can be maintained scientifically and rationally (water pollution, all the facilities and cleaning). Once the “Beautiful Toilet” is constructed, it should have a long life, structurally and functionally, to be used. Even though it becomes dilapidated after a certain period, it should be designed and constructed as easy to remodel or to repair. Beautiful Toilet and its beautiful facilities should be convenient even for a baby and pregnant woman to use, solve the disabled or blind person, the old and the weak ‘s troubles, and how to dispose of used toilet paper, as well as having a cleaning equipment box area and hand drier. Even the space for cleaners should not be forgotten. This a B and A in our ACBD concept
• Maintenance of a Beautiful Toilet: Maintaining a Beautiful Toilet under one’s real name, say maybe a businessman who sponsored a toilet, may promote a sense of responsibility and have the desired effect of increasing the reliability on the users (B). For the management it would be ideal if the government at high level would take charge of the toilet operation, or outsource that management to an Ashoka Fellow, who will manage and pay the cleaners directly. The Government may even consign a professional managing agency like The Clean Shop or DMT Mobile Toilet with the management of the toilet, as long as they are paid a fair rate and always paid on time to be able to pay the cleaners and buy consumables. This is our C and B.
• Basic Cleaning of a Beautiful Toilet: this is grouped under the following simple topics:
1. Daily cleaning
2. Routine cleaning
3. Checking defects in the structure
5. Professional and technical services and
6. Outside Support Management
• 10 Rules of Beautiful Toilet Management:
1. replace consumables immediately after exhaustion, e.g., toilet paper
2. Furnish sanitary towels
3. Ventilate continuously
4. Empty waste baskets in toilets frequently
5. Remove and dry water on floors immediately
6. Clean the inside of toilet bowels frequently
7. Remove loose dirt thrown on floors immediately
8. Repair equipments having troubles or damages immediately
9. Arrange cleaning equipment properly, safely and keep them clean
10. Make out management and check lists
• 11 Notes for the African users of the Beautiful Toilet to observe, follow and stick to in order to sustain a clean toilet for Africa:
1. Please form an orderly line and wait your turn in the Beautiful Toilet quietly in good order in doorway to use a toilet
2. Use the Beautiful Toilet in a clean manner and attitude
3. have a sense of participation in saving resources such as toilet paper and water
4. do not take too much time to use the Beautiful toilet for other unnecessary deeds and duties
5. Do your natural needs standing closer to a urinal by one more step. This is very important for leaking men or those who think have long things.
6. Use toilet paper only and put sanitary pads and napkins into a wastebasket
7. Be careful not to be overflowed with water when using the hand wash basin as this will wet the floors
8. Please do not smoke your cigarettes and other narcotics when using our Beautiful Toilet
9. Pick up your minor waste yourself like pieces of tissue and throw in the wastebasket as it is not safe for even a toilet cleaner to pick up tissues he or she will never know what it was used for. Maybe it was used to clean the nose or butt.
10. For any trouble or inconvenience, please immediately contact and inform the toilet operator or manager to make a quick
Do you have any existing partnerships, and if so, how do you create them?
Yes, Ashoka, World Toilet Association and World Toilet Organization. We created these partnerships by joining and subscribing to these organizations.